Von Wiegand

Bio

Charmion von Wiegand (1896–1983) was an American journalist, abstract painter, and art critic. She was the daughter of Karl Henry von Wiegand, the German-born journalist, and his wife Inez.

Von Wiegand was born in Chicago and grew up in Arizona, San Francisco, and Berlin, where as a teenager she lived for three years. When she returned to the United States, she attended Barnard College for a year and then transferred to Columbia University to study journalism, theater, and art history. She did not complete her bachelors degree and thought she may become a playwright; at this time she also began to paint landscapes.

In 1929, she traveled to Moscow where she became a correspondent for the Universal Service of the Hearst Press. She returned to the United States in 1932 and married Joseph Freeman. She continued her work as an art critic, and in spring 1941 interviewed the Dutch artist Piet Mondrian. She became close friends with Mondrian, who influenced her to start creating abstract art. She became an associate member of the American Abstract Artists in 1941, exhibiting with them from 1948.

Life Dates
Born 1896, Chicago, IL
Died 1983, New York, NY

Selected Museum Collections

Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
The Archer M. Huntington Art Museum, University of Texas, Austin, TX
Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL
Blanton Museum of Art, University of Texas, Austin, TX
Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA
Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH
The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
The Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens, Jacksonville, FL
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA
Grey Art Gallery, New York University, New York, NY
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum of Art, New York, NY
Herbert F. Johnson Museum, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI
The Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, NJ
Mt. Holyoke College Art Museum, South Hadley, MA
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
The National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, DC
National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
Palmer Art Museum, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
The Newark Museum, Newark, NJ
Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA
The Snite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN
Spencer Museum of Art, Lawrence, KS
Springfield Museum of Fine Arts, Springfield, MA
Weatherspoon Art Gallery, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY

Solo Exhibitions

1942     Rose Fried Gallery, New York, NY; 1947, 48
1952     Saidenberg Gallery, New York, NY
1954     Cittadella d’Arte Internazionale e d’Avanguardia, Ascona, Italy; 1955, 58, 59
Zoe Dusanne Gallery, Seattle, WA; 1955, 58
1956     John Heller Gallery, New York, NY
1961     Howard Wise Gallery, New York, NY; 1963, 64, 65
1964     James Goodman Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, IL
1969     Gallery 17, University of Texas Art Museum, Austin, TX
1970     Birmingham Art Museum, Birmingham, AL
1973     Galleria Fiamma Virgo, Rome, Italy; 1974
Retrospective, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1974     Annely Juda Fine Art, London, England
Noah Goldowsky Gallery, New York, NY
1975     André Zarre Gallery, New York, NY; 1977, 87, 89
1978     Thirty Years of Collage, Marilyn Pearl Gallery, New York, NY
1981     Charmion von Wiegand and Her Circle, Marilyn Pearl Gallery, New York, NY
1982     Charmion von Wiegand: Her Art and Her Life, Bass Museum of Art, Miami Beach, FL
1985     Retrospective Exhibition, 1945-65, Marilyn Pearl Gallery, New York, NY
1990     Marilyn Pearl Gallery, New York, NY
Peri-Renat Gallery, Southampton, NY
1993     Charmion von Wiegand: In Search of the Spiritual, Joseloff Gallery, University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT
1998     Spirit & Form: Collages, 1946-1962, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
2000     Spirituality in Abstraction, 1945-1969, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
2003  Charmion Von Wiegand: Improvisations, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
2007  Charmion Von Wiegand: From Mondrian to Mantra, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY

Group Exhibitions

1945     The Women, Art of This Century, New York, NY
1947     American Abstract Artist Exhibition, Riverside Museum, New York, NY
1948     American Abstract Artist Exhibition, Chinese Gallery Limited, New York, NY
1949     American Abstract Artist Exhibition, Riverside Museum, New York, NY
1950     American Abstract Artists Annual Exhibit, New School for Social Research, New York, NY
1952     American Watercolors, Drawings and Prints, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
1953     The Classic Tradition in Contemporary Art, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
1955     Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1957     Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Pure Abstract Painting Exhibition, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
The Sphere of Mondrian, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX
1960     Construction and Geometry in Painting from Malevich to Tomorrow, Galerie Chalette, New York, NY
Konkrete Kunst: Fifty Years of Development, Kunstgesellschaft, Zurich, Switzerland
1962     The Art of Assemblage, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Geometric Abstraction in America, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1963     28th Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary Painting, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Art and Writing, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Holland; StaatlicheKunsthalle, Baden-Baden, Holland
Recent Acquisitions, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
The Classic Spirit in Twentieth Century Art, Sydney Janis Gallery, New York, NY
1964     Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Mondrian, de Stijl and Their Impact, Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, NY
Women Artists of America, 1707-1964, The Newark Museum, Newark, NJ
1965     American Abstract Artists Annual Exhibition, Riverside Museum, New York, NY
1967     Art on Paper, Weatherspoon Art Gallery, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC
Yesterday and Today, 1936 to 1966, Riverside Museum, New York, NY
1968     Plus by Minus, Today’s Half-Century, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
1969     Sixth Biennale: National Religious Art, Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, MI
1970     150 Paintings from the New York University Collection, Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, NY
1971     Ciba-Geigy Collection, Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, NY
1972     The Non-Objective World, 1939-1955, Annely Juda Fine Art, London, England; Galerie Liatowitsch, Basel Switzerland; Galleria Milano, Milan, Italy
1973     The Non-Objective World, 1914-1955, Annely Juda Fine Art, London, England; The University of Texas Art Museum, Austin, TX
Post-Mondrian Abstraction in America, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL
1974     De Stijl, Cercle et Carre, Galerie Gmurzynska, Cologne, Germany
1975     Three American Purists: Mason, Miles and von Wiegand, Museum of Fine Arts, Springfield, MA
1977     Paris - New York, Musee National d’Arte Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
1978     Geometric Abstraction and Related Works, The Newark Museum, Newark, NJ
1979     The Language of Abstraction, Marilyn Pearl Gallery, New York, NY and Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY
Mondrian and Neo-Plasticism in America, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
Constructivism and the Geometric Tradition: Selections from the McCrory Corporation Collection, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY; Dallas Museum Fine Arts, Dallas, TX; San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, CA; La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, La Jolla, CA; Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA; Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA; Nelson-Atkins Museum of Fine Arts, Kansas City, MO; Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI; Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI
1982     Abstraction in Action, City Gallery of the Division of Cultural Affairs, New York, NY
1985     Contrasts of Form: Geometric Abstract Art, 1910-1980, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
The Severe & the Romantic: Geometric Humanism in American Painting, 50s & 80s, Marilyn Pearl Gallery, New York, NY
1989     Abstraction, Geometry, Painting: Selected Geometric American Painting Since 1945, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY; Center for the Fine Arts, Miami, FL; Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
The Patricia and Philip Frost Collection: American Abstraction 1930-1945, National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
1991     Post-War Geometric Concepts, Marilyn Pearl Gallery, New York, NY
The Second Wave: American Abstraction of the 1930s and 1940s, Selections from the Penny and Elton Yasuna Collection, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA; Samual P. Harn Museum, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, DE
1992     Between Mondrian and Minimalism: Neo-Plasticism in America, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Sonia Delauney & Charmion von Wiegand: Works on Paper, Marilyn Pearl Gallery, New York, NY
1994     On Paper: Abstraction in American Art, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
1995     1945: The End of the War, Annely Juda Fine Art, London, England; Denise Rene, Paris, France; Galerie Hans Mayer, Dusseldorf, Germany
Referencing Mondrian No.1, Washburn Gallery, New York, NY
1996     Abstraction Across America, 1934-1946, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
The Geometric Tradition in American Art, Meyerson & Nowinski Gallery, New York, NY
1997     Geometric Abstraction: 1937-199, Snyder Fine Art, New York, NY
1998     Defining the Edge: Early American Abstraction, Selections from the Collection of Dr. Peter B. Fischer, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY; Laguna Art Museum, Laguna Beach, CA
American Abstract Art of the 1930s and 1940s: The J. Donald Nichols Collection, Wake Forest University Fine Arts Gallery, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC
2000     Pasted Pictures: Collage and Abstraction in the Twentieth Century, Knoedler & Company, New York, NY
Michael Rosenfeld Gallery: The First Decade, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
2000  Pasted Pictures: Collage and Abstraction in the Twentieth Century, Knoedler & Company, New York, NY
Michael Rosenfeld Gallery: The First Decade, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
2001  Rupture & Revision: Collage in America, Pavel Zoubok, Inc, New York, NY
1950-1965: Works on Paper, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
2002  Early American Abstraction: Small Scale – Large Dimension, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
2004   Mood Indigo: The Legacy of Duke Ellington - A Look at Jazz & Improvisation in American Art, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
Modern American Painting from the NYU Art Collection, Lewis Gluckman Gallery, University College Cork, Ireland
2005  Another View: New York School, Opalka Gallery, The Sage Colleges, Albany, NY 
2006  Paper Works by Abstract Masters, Anita Shapolsky Gallery, New York, NY 
2006-08  Coming of Age: American Art, 1850s to 1950s, Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA; Meadows Museum of Art, Dallas, TX; Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, England; Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy 
2008  New York Cool: Painting and Sculpture from the NYU Art Collection, Grey Art Gallery, New York University, New York, NY; Palmer Museum of Art, Pennsylvania State University, PA; University of Iowa Museum of At, Iowa City, IA; Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME; Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga, TN 
2009  The Third Mind: American Artists Contemplate Asia, 1860-1989, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Back to the Future: Alfred Jensen, Charmion von Wiegand, Simon Gouverneur and the Cosmic Conversation, Loyola University Museum of Art, Chicago, IL
Daughters of the Revolution: Women in Collage, Pavel Zoubok Gallery, New York, NY 
2010  Constructive Spirit: Abstract Art in South and North America, 1920s–1950s, The Newark Museum, Newark, NJ
The Shape of Abstraction, Boston University Art Gallery, Boston, MA 
2010-11  Grain of Emptiness: Buddhist Inspired Contemporary Art: Atta Kim, Wolfgang Laib & Charmion von Weigand, Rubin Museum of Art, New York, NY 


 Awards


 Awards

Hassan Speicher Fund Purchase, American Academy of Arts and Letters
1980 Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters
1982 National Women’s Caucus for Art Conference, New York

Film/Video

The Circle of Charmion von Wiegand (documentary film), PBS, November 4, 1978; Produced and narrated by Ce Roser; Co-Produced by Fay Lansner; Directed by Mark Brownstone; Music by Philip Glass.

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery Exhibitions
1950 - 1965: Abstraction on Paper
Abstraction Across America, 1934 – 1946
American Modernism on Paper
Breaking Boundaries: American Abstract Art, 1930 - 1945
Charmion von Wiegand: Improvisations - 1945
Charmion von Wiegand: Offering of the Universe - An Artist\'s Path from Mondrian to Mantra
Charmion von Wiegand: Spirit & Form, Collages, 1946-1963
Charmion von Wiegand: Spirituality in Abstraction, 1945-1969
Collage: Made in America
Defining the Edge: Early American Abstraction Selections from the Collection of Dr. Peter B. Fischer
Essence of the Orb
In Sequence
Michael Rosenfeld Gallery: The First Decade
Mood Indigo: The Legacy of Duke Ellington - A Look at Jazz and Improvisation in American Art
On Paper: Abstraction in American Art
The 1940s: Modern American Art & Design

 

ARTWORK LINKED

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