Manifesta was conceived in the early 1990s as a nomadic, European biennial of contemporary art, responding to the new social, cultural and political reality that emerged in the aftermath of the Cold War. Formed from the desire to explore the psychological and geographical territory of Europe and provide a dynamic platform for cultural exchange throughout the region, it takes place every two years in a different European city. Along with the Venice Biennale and documenta in Kassel, Manifesta is one of the foremost art events in Europe.
Since 1996, Manifesta has taken place in Rotterdam, Luxembourg, Ljubljana, Frankfurt, Donostia/San Sebastián, the regions of Trentino–South Tyrol and Murcia, and most recently Genk in Belgium. Over the course of its nine Biennials and twenty years, over a million people have visited Manifesta’s events and participated in its programs. It has successfully presented artists, curators, young professionals, and trainees from as many as forty different countries, and in each edition continues to innovate and reimagine contemporary art practices. The tenth edition will be hosted by the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia and will run from June 28 until October 31, 2014.